Entre protection et mobilisation : contributions canadiennes et québécoises à l’histoire transnationale des droits des enfants handicapés (1920-1980)
This article studies the main milestones of the disabled children's rights movement in the Quebec province and in the world. He is particularly interested in the emergence of a movement to defend the rights of disabled children on the international scene during the inter-war period, in which Canada, including Quebec, participated. Based on a body of varied sources, the study shows that a social conception of childhood crippled was mainly conveyed by the actors of this movement, without being free from medical influence. By emphasizing the socio-economic causes of disability, philanthropists discredit another discourse that places the burden of disability on individual factors. Our reading of this avant-garde movement nuances the interpretation that a hegemonic medical hold would have weighed on young disabled people until the intensification of activism in the 1960s.
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