Nokoko https://ojs.library.carleton.ca/index.php/nokoko <p>We are committed to a world where people are free from all forms of oppression and exploitation, where&nbsp;respect for individuals’ varied differences is maintained, and where everyone can realise their full potentials. A critical step in creating such a world requires us to analyze, reflect on, and debate the world as it is, as it&nbsp;might, could, or should be.</p> <p><em>Nokoko</em>&nbsp;aims to be a site for such important conversations related to Africa, the African diaspora, and the&nbsp;continent’s relationship with the rest of the world. Nokoko is a platform for public intellectuals, academics,&nbsp;social movements and organizations that share our vision. The journal is open access, with no fees to submit, publish or read.</p> <p>Hosted by the Institute of African Studies, at Carleton University (Ottawa, Canada), the journal&nbsp;<em>Nokoko</em>&nbsp;offers a&nbsp;space for emerging and established scholars to publish and engage in discussions about their work on Africa&nbsp;and the African diaspora. Published annually, articles and contributions to the journal are peer-reviewed.&nbsp;Submissions should be robust, clearly written and accessible to academic and non-academic readership alike&nbsp;(see below for author guidelines).</p> <p>‘<em>Nokoko</em>’ is a Ga word that means something new, novel, surprising and interesting.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Institute of African Studies en-US Nokoko 2369-0240 Front Matter Editorial Board, Table of Contents, Contributors https://ojs.library.carleton.ca/index.php/nokoko/article/view/2792 <p>&nbsp;Editorial Board, Table of Contents, Contributors</p> Blair Rutherford ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-10-01 2020-10-01 8 v xiii A Semiotic Investigation of the Relations between Ifá and Yorùbá Indigenous Markets, Markets Location and Marketing Theories https://ojs.library.carleton.ca/index.php/nokoko/article/view/2791 <p><span class="fontstyle0">Relationships in a cultural domain like religion account for wider patterns of relationships among human societies. In a predominantly Yorùbá society, </span><span class="fontstyle2">Ifá </span><span class="fontstyle0">is believed to be the springboard of Yorùbá culture. Virtually every aspect of Yorùbá life - religion, local culture and the market - links back to&nbsp;</span><span class="fontstyle2">Ifá </span><span class="fontstyle0">in one way or another. Previous studies have not related </span><span class="fontstyle2">Ifá </span><span class="fontstyle0">with the<br>Yorùbá markets, location of markets and marketing theories, nor have they established </span><span class="fontstyle2">Ifá’s </span><span class="fontstyle0">influence on the market institution as an aspect of economy among the Yorùbá communities. This study seeks to fill this gap using work that relies substantially on oral data collected from </span><span class="fontstyle2">Ifá </span><span class="fontstyle0">practitioners’, field observations, literary texts, and </span><span class="fontstyle2">Ifá </span><span class="fontstyle0">literary corpus. A semiotics approach was utilized for data analyses with relevant data samples carefully selected. By comparing </span><span class="fontstyle2">Ifá </span><span class="fontstyle0">symbols with the Yorùbá indigenous markets the study found that: </span><span class="fontstyle2">Ifá </span><span class="fontstyle0">influences the Yorùbá markets, marketing and the establishment and/or location of the Yorùbá indigenous markets on a daily basis. As a result, the Yorùbá market symbols serve as paradigm with which the Yorùbá market system can be described and differentiated from other African markets.</span> </p> Olúwọlé Tẹ́wọ́gboyè Òkéwándé ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-10-01 2020-10-01 8 1 32 A Closer Look at Climate-Induced Human Migration from Seven African Nations to Seven OECD Nations https://ojs.library.carleton.ca/index.php/nokoko/article/view/2786 <p>The intersection between climate change and human mobility is increasingly examined in development studies literature. Certainly, it is an important nexus to reflect on since climate change is irreversible, and subsequent shifting human migration patterns have amplified its effects. The consequences of climate change, for example, rising sea levels, the melting of the permafrost and ice caps, and increasing global sea and land temperatures, have implications as drastic as leading to the submersion of entire island nations due to the increase in sea levels (Reuveny, 2007).</p> Fathima Bushra Zaheer ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-10-01 2020-10-01 8 33 50 Policy Impacts on Africa’s Extractive Sector Kenya, Mineral Wealth, and Legislation Facilitating Inclusive Development https://ojs.library.carleton.ca/index.php/nokoko/article/view/2787 <p>This paper examines the current state of natural resource development and governance in Kenya, arguing that while the country has taken several meaningful and positive steps towards less dependence on the agriculture sector and towards critical economic diversification from its underexploited mineral resources, significant challenges remain. Kenya is a heavily agriculture-reliant economy‘ this sector accounts for approximately one quarter of its gross domestic product (GDP). The Government of Kenya recently publicly espoused a position of seeking to reduce its dependence on agriculture in order to diversify its economy. The focus is on the development of its extractives sector which presently accounts for just 1 per cent of GDP and less than 3 per cent of the country’s total export revenues (ICES, 2014). A question relevant to this shift is whether Kenya’s existing governance and institutional systems are capable of managing this change from agriculture to extractive industry so as to ensure future sustainable outputs and growth overall. As such, this paper examines the current state of natural resource development alongside governance in Kenya. Implications for inclusive economic development are considered, along with the prospects of attaining broadly beneficial administrative reforms conducive to economic growth and the amelioration of Kenya’s socioeconomic position. The study underscores the current state of Kenya’s fiscal regime, efforts being made to diversify its economy, and steps being taken to promote linkages between and within its economic sectors from both within the state and with outside partners.</p> Hany Besada Ben O’Bright ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-10-01 2020-10-01 8 51 82 The Role and Influence of Media in Creating Environmental Awareness in Dar es Salaam Tanzania https://ojs.library.carleton.ca/index.php/nokoko/article/view/2793 <p>Environmental awareness is a prevalent phenomenon in Dar es Salaam City, the eastern part of Tanzania. Dar es Salaam is a major city in Tanzania with a large population (about 6.7 million) and hosts the headquarters of many radio stations, TV stations, and newspaper companies. This essay asks: does the availability of extensive media coverage in Dar es Salaam contribute to environmental awareness to the city’s population?. The purpose of this essay is to highlight the role that media has played in creating awareness on environmental issues in the City of Dar es Salaam. This essay uses secondary data and an interview from secondary literature which analyzes different residents’ attitudes towards the environment in order to assess the varying levels of environmental awareness related to media houses in Dar es Salaam. Here I use the term ‘media house’ to refer to producers of digital content that provide digital coverage of news via online articles, radio shows or podcasts, and videos. I have observed that the city of Dar es Salaam is still facing environmental problems due to a limited sense of ownership of public spaces, that means that people disregard environmental conservation initiatives. The majority claim to pay proper media attention and declare they are aware of environmental education through media sources, yet it's very hard for people to take responsibilities in taking major actions to conserve the environment. This essay also demonstrates that social media has been an effective platform for environmentalists and conservationists to reach the residents when addressing specific issues in environmental concern. A recent step by the government of Tanzania, a ban on&nbsp; the use of plastic bags, has gotten success by the united efforts of the government and media houses due to strict policies formulated by the government which play a major role in reforming residents’ behavior in the environment.</p> Jackson Simon Lusagalika ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-10-09 2020-10-09 8 83 98 A Review of Racism after Apartheid: Challenges for Marxism and Anti-Racism https://ojs.library.carleton.ca/index.php/nokoko/article/view/2789 <p>Racism after Apartheid, a volume put together by Vishwas Satgar,&nbsp;examines the racism that endured in Post-Apartheid South Africa and the role of Marxism in fighting such racism in Africa, and beyond. Marxism, in Africa, has long faced its fair share of critique, especially from African nativist initiatives including the Black Consciousness Movement. Members of this movement regarded Marxism as a foreign idea, which, as the product of white thought, was not native to Africa. Racism after Apartheid highlights the role of Marxism in the emancipation of oppressed people from racist oppression in different countries and regions around the world. This edited volume consists of 11 chapters, by diverse authors, covering different geographic locals and topics, from what Anti-Racists Marxism is, to the very meaning of African, to Indigenous movements in Guatemala, to the European refugee crisis, to PostApartheid South Africa, to anti-racist Marxist thought in India, to potential alternatives within Marxism.</p> Takudzwa Musekiwa ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-10-01 2020-10-01 8 99 102 A Review of Dispossessed: A Poetry of Innocence, Transgression and Atonement. https://ojs.library.carleton.ca/index.php/nokoko/article/view/2790 <p>Dispossessed reads like a bildungsroman, a sequence of growth and becoming captured through poetic essence. It reads like a station of the crosses with itinerant stoppages at various stages of the poet’s self awareness and development. Symbolically speaking, the various stages in this collection are akin to man’s stages of growth; infant, youth and adult, that pilgrim-like movement from the early days of a kite’s birth, when its wings are still shaky and unsure, to its pubescent attempts to fly, to understand its environment and accommodate its kind and to its eventual mastery of the art of flying and the eventual possession of the skies.</p> Ifesinachi Nwadike ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-10-01 2020-10-01 8 103 106